Hard, engineered timber two of many wood flooring options

Hard, engineered timber two of many wood flooring options

Hard, engineered timber two of many wood flooring options

The Pine Wood model from Mahadev resists water, heat and stains. Price is $1.60 per sqft.

Floor constructions are solid or layered. Earth-friendly types are available as well.

India suppliers adopt various solid hard and engineered timber, bamboo, and reclaimed blocks and planks to manufacture wooden flooring .

Export-bound models are coated with matte or shiny lacquer, PU or melamine to protect against stains, scratches, splitting and termites. UV cure coating is a cost-effective option with good adhesive, and stain and scratch resistance. The nonflammable treatment also has low VOC levels, making it environment-friendly.

For the solid hardwood selection, India and Burma teak, pine, acacia and walnut are commonly preferred for their strength and durability. Oak, maple, white ash and beech are becoming popular as flooring because of their better grain and texture, color and smooth shiny finish.

Except for teak, the other species are sourced from China, Malaysia, Europe and Africa, boosting prices by nearly 10 to 20 percent.

ISO 9001:2008 and TÜV SÜD-certified Eco Lignum offers India teak, laurel and indica, arabica, acacia, Malaysia meranti, French oak, walnut, Canadian maple and Germany pine hardwood flooring. Pieces are 400 to 1,200mm long, 75 to 125mm wide and 12 to 22mm thick.

Mahadev Wood Industries uses high-grade India teak or sagwan, Burma teak, white ash, steam beech, pine and wenge wood. Length, width and thickness are 600 to 1,200, 70 to 90 and 12 to 22mm, respectively. Models have tongue-and-groove joints, and are microbeveled, prefinished and easy to install.

Among the new materials Mahadev uses, pine is in high demand because of its low cost, easy installation and maintenance, smooth shiny finish, and high impact and heat resistance.

New from the supplier are wenge wood floor planks, which are heat-resistant and come in rich shades of brown and black, and high-end black and white ebony, and steam beech flooring. The latter are easy to clean and durable.

Meanwhile, India’s “green” flooring line includes models made of engineered wood, which is highly moisture-resistant and can be glued onto concrete directly.

Engineered wood flooring from Accord Floors consists of a base of oak, walnut, maple, beech or rubberwood, plywood or MDF center and 6mm pine veneer surface.

Eco Lignum’s models have a top section in either 2mm planks of solid wood or veneer. The middle and bottom layers are in marine-grade plywood. Pieces are 1,200mm long, 125mm wide and 18mm thick.

MP Veneers Pvt Ltd uses Burma teak for its decorative wooden veneer flooring, which is warp-, splitting- and termite-resistant and comes in golden yellow with a handscraped stained surface finish. Pine and eucalyptus are adopted for the core and bottom. HDF is an emerging option.

Also part of India’s eco-friendly selection, reclaimed lumber likewise has anti-moisture and -insect properties. It is also durable and can be finished by hand.

Accord adopts pine and teak planks from old buildings. Such materials are more seasoned than newly cut wood andare 30 to 40 percent costlier than virgin teak. The planks are prefinished, and treated for termite and fungal resistance.

Hard, engineered timber two of many wood flooring options

Bamboo flooring is a relatively new line in India, with some suppliers located in Karnataka and south of the country. Models often come in planks with vertical or horizontal grains.

The domestic manufacturing base consists of 400 to 500 suppliers, most of which are small or midsize with a monthly output of 1,000 to 5,000sqm. About 100 are large, producing 10,000sqm or more every month.

Only a few companies export. The high cost of importing certain types of timber is hindering India makers’ competitiveness, particularly against wood flooring hubs such as Africa and China where the materials are readily available.

Products & prices

This solid India teak flooring from Eco Lignum has a matte finish. Price is $27 per sqm.

Pricewise, wooden flooring $3.50 to $5.50 per sqm is low-end. India tigerwood and teak, and Africa teak are adopted for solid-wood models. Engineered floors have a veneer surface, and a core and a bottom made of marine-grade plywood. They have a lacquer, PU or melamine finish, and are 300 to 600mm long, 75mm wide and 12 to 18mm thick.

Midrange types reach $8.50. Within this segment are models made of various hardwood, including domestic teak, laurel and indica, and imported meranti, oak, maple and pine. Oak, walnut, maple, beech and rubberwood are used as the base of engineered wood floors, which can go up to 1,200mm in length, 125mm in width and 20mm in thickness.

Top-grade imported teak, ebony, maple and oak are common in high-end solid wood floors. Prefinished reclaimed lumber is also used. Length, width and thickness are 90 to 1,200, 100 to 125 and 18 to 25mm. Models can exceed $10.

Products are exported to the US, the UK, the Middle East and Africa. Suppliers will be expanding into Australia, Russia, Belgium, Spain, Italy and the UAE in coming months.

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