Flooring Options for House Different Types of Flooring Flooring for House

Flooring Options for House Different Types of Flooring Flooring for House


The purpose of floor is to provide horizontal clean surface to support the occupants of a building, furniture and equipments. The floor structure must be strong enough to bear super imposed loads. The strength of floor depends on type of flooring you use.

Types of Flooring

The following are commonly used types of flooring.

  • Cement Concrete flooring
  • Terrazzo flooring
  • Crazy Marble flooring
  • Brick flooring
  • Ceramic Tile flooring
  • Marble flooring
  • White Marble Flooring
  • Kota Stone flooring
  • Wooden flooring

In addition to the flooring mentioned above there are some special types of flooring.

  • Linoleum
  • Rubber Flooring
  • False Flooring
  • PVC Flooring or Vinyl flooring

Cement Concrete Flooring

Cement and concrete are main components of both commercial and residential flooring. Cement is key ingredient in concrete products. It is binding agent that holds sand and other aggregate together in a hard, stone-like mass.

Concrete is produced by mixing cement with fine aggregate (sand), coarse aggregate (gravel or crushed stone), water, and often small amounts of various chemicals called admixtures which control such properties as setting time and plasticity. When the water is added to cement, it forms a slurry (thin semi-liquid cement) or gel that coats surfaces of the aggregate and fills the voids to form solid concrete.

The ratio of water and cement is the key that determines the strength of concrete whereas aggregates provide thickness, and decoration in some cases. Cement concrete flooring consists of cement concrete in the ratio of 1:2:4 (1 part of cement, 2 parts of coarse sand, and 4 parts of graded stone aggregate). Its thickness varies from 25mm to 50mm. The base concrete should be provided with slopes.

Flooring in veranda, courtyard, kitchens, and baths should have slope ranging from 1:48 to 1:60 depending on the location. Floors in water closet should have slope of 1:30.

Concrete Cement flooring. back in trend

Terrazzo Flooring

It is popular flooring for residential as well as public buildings. Terrazzo tiles have a smooth shine and are designed with marble or granite chips which add attractive designs to them. It’s available in an excellent range of colors and textures. This flooring is usually not slippery when wet because this has many grout lines.

Terrazzo flooring consists of an under layer of cement concrete in ratio of 1:2:4 (1 part of cement, 2 parts of coarse sand, 4 parts of graded stone aggregate, 12.5 nominal size). Its thickness varies from 34mm to 28mm. Thickness of top layer of marble chips varies from 6mm to 12mm whereas the thickness of terrazzo flooring depends on the size of marble chips used.

Terrazzo floor

A blue white blend of color in kitchen with perfect terrazo floor

(This Picture is Contributed by «Apurva Sharma»)

Crazy Marble Flooring

It is little different from mosaic flooring for its casting. The cement concrete under layer of crazy marble should be 25mm thick. Marble stone pieces are laid on cement concrete base. The usual thickness of marble stone pieces is 20 mm to 30 mm. The mix of cement chips 4:7 is laid around stone pieces.

The mix of crazy marble stone flooring consists of white cement-marble powder mixture (ratio 3:1) by weight in proportion of 4:7(4 cement-marble powder mixes: 7 marble chips).

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