Flooring is the general term for a permanent covering of a floor. It provides a horizontal, finished surface to support the occupants of a building, furniture and equipment. The choice of material for floor covering is determined by cost, endurance, noise insulation, comfort and cleaning effort.

1. NATURAL MATERIALS FOR FLOORS: These include naturally occurring materials like Marble, Granite, Kota, Slate, Wood etc

MARBLE FLOOR: Marble provides elegance, beauty and luxury to a room and therefore is best suited in residences. But it is avoided in large commercial areas and heavily trafficked areas because it scratches and stains easily.

GRANITE FLOOR : Granite is hard, doesnt easily scratch and is stain-resistant making it suited for residences and commercial areas. But it is expensive.

KOTA STONE FLOOR: Kota stone is hard and strong, economical and non-slippery when rough, making it useful in exteriors and high traffic areas. When polished, Kota takes a shiny finish and so is suitable for interiors. But it scratches easily.

SLATE FLOOR : Slate is highly durable, water resistant, stain resistant and hence suitable for both indoor and outdoor applications.But it is grey and dull.

HARDWOOD FLOOR. Hardwood flooring consists of real wooden blocks that are laid in desired patterns and fixed with hot glue. It is used in homes as it is elegant, charming, long-lasting and provides a warm look. Because of it’s acoustic qualities, it is also commonly used in auditoriums, dance halls, gymnasium floors etc. But it is high maintenance and expensive.

2. MAN MADE MATERIALS FOR FLOORS: These are generally cheaper, more durable, less-maintenance and quicker to lay than natural materials. However, as a manufactured product they do not have the natural textures or patterns and the sheen of natural materials.

CONCRETE FLOOR . Concrete slab floors that are not covered with another material are gaining popularity in retail stores and other commercial buildings since they provide a low-cost yet highly durable flooring surface. But they do not have the luxurious elegance of natural flooring materials.

TERRAZZO (MOSAIC) FLOOR : Terrazzo tiles consist of marble, quartz, granite, glass or other suitable chips held together by a binder. This flooring is not very expensive, is highly durable and not slippery. Therefore, it is popular in residential as well as public buildings. But it is has many grout lines.


CRAZY MARBLE FLOOR . In this type of flooring, waste and cut marble and stone pieces are laid on a cement concrete base that consists of white cement-marble powder mixture. Crazy marble flooring is durable, not slippery and economical making it suitable for driveways, courtyards, verandah etc. but does not look very elegant inside houses.

CERAMIC TILES FLOOR . Ceramic tiles create a durable surface that is easy to clean, resists stains and scratches and doesnt fade. Since they are affordable, low-maintenance, available in various sizes, colours, shapes and can easily match with the decor of any room, they are popular in homes.

VITRIFIED TILES FLOOR : Vitrified tiles have very low porosity (and water absorption), making them stain-resistant and stronger and more durable than Ceramic tiles. Therefore they are fast replacing ceramic tiles and are a cheaper alternative to marble and granite flooring.

ENGINEERED WOOD FLOOR. Engineered wood is a cheaper alternative to hardwood flooring and is very popular nowadays because it shrinks and expands less than solid wood, can be installed in a short time and comes pre-finished.

LINOLEUM FLOOR: Linoleum is attractive, cheap, highly durable, comfortable and can be easily cleaned. It reduces noise to a considerable extent and can be easily replaced. Therefore it is used in residential buildings, restaurants, railway carriage, pubic transport buses, hospitals, schools, libraries, offices etc.

VINYL (PVC) FLOOR. Vinyl flooring is economical, waterproof, easy-to-clean, bacteria-free, hard wearing, durable, unbreakable, slip-resistant, flexible and easy to install. Due to these advantages, Vinyl flooring is a popular choice in homes, public areas and areas with high traffic or high amounts of moisture, etc.

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