Flooring Design 2 Build

Flooring Design 2 Build

Flooring

The first action taken when installing any type of flooring is removing any residual carpet or flooring that the new floor cannot be placed on top of.  All furniture and possessions must be removed from the area prior to the demo as well as door casings, doors, baseboards, and moldings.  To prepare the floor, all uneven areas should be sanded down so the floor is level.  The subfloor should be swept and cleared of any debris.

Another aspect inherent in the installation of all types of flooring is the development of the layout plan which will take into account the dimensions of the room and anticipate any installation issues that can result from stairs, transitions, or built-in cabinets.  The layout plan also determines the pattern and orientation the flooring will be installed.

Hardwood

After the previous flooring was removed, the next step is to verify moisture levels using a moisture meter that tests subfloor moisture.  The maximum allowance of moisture permitted between the subfloor and hardwood floor is 4 percent.  Other tests that will be performed on the concrete subfloor are a pH alkalinity test and a calcium chloride test.

Once acclimated, the first hardwood boards can be laid down.  If the first row is installed correctly the rest of the floor will lay easily.  If installed unevenly, gaps will develop with the laying of subsequent boards.  After the floor is laid, transitions to adjacent rooms and flooring surfaces will be placed along with the installation of any stair nosing.  The final step is the installation of the baseboard and shoe moldings around the perimeter of the room.

Carpet

Once the room is cleared of all previous flooring and furniture, the contractor will install new tack strips along the edges of the room.  They will measure, mark, and cut the tack strips to the correct length and then hammer the tack strips into the subfloor,

Next, the carpet padding is rolled onto the subfloor and cut so that the edge is tight against the tack strips.  Double-sided adhesive tape will secure the padding to the floor.  After the padding is secure, the carpet can be laid onto the floor.  The carpet along one wall will be attached to tack strips and then the carpet is stretched across the room and attached to the remaining tack strips.  This step is repeated until the entire area is carpeted.  The final step is to cut the excess carpet from the edges of the room with a utility knife and to tuck the carpet edges under the baseboard.

Tile

Once the subfloor is prepared and layout plan developed, the installer may use chalk line to create a guide to work from and begin the laying of the tile.  A single row or column is first laid directly on the substrate without adhesive to give a better sense of how the tile will fit.  Next, a perpendicular row or column is added to the first, creating a starting point for setting the tile.

Once the proper layout is determined the installer will adhere thinset directly onto a backer board, which is nailed to the subfloor. with a thin layer of mortar.  The installer will continue to lay tile leaving spacers between subsequent tiles.  Once the entire floor is set in place, it must be left to cure for 12-24 hours.  After the floor is cured, the spacers are removed and grout is applied.  After the application of grout or mortar, the floor must be allowed 24 hours to cure before being walked on to ensure the tiles do not shift or become loose before the thinset has a chance to set.

Laminate

After the room is cleared and the subflo0r prepared, the process of installing laminate flooring is quick and easy.  The laying of the laminate planks starts from the corner of the room.  The tongue of the planks is cut off and the planks are run parallel to the wall.  Each plank is installed by inserting one end into the other at an angle and pressing down.  At the end of the row, the final plank is measured and cut to fit into the remaining space.  A new plank similar to the pattern of the first row is cut and the second row starts with this plank.  The previous row will be lifted slightly to allow the next row of planks into position.  The installer will press down on the planks firmly.  This procedure is used until the entire area to be covered is complete.  The last row of laminate should be the same width as the first row.   The excess laminate is cut and removed and the spacers are removed.  The final step is to re-install the baseboards without nailing them to the floor.


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