CanTrust Hardwood Flooring Inc.

CanTrust Hardwood Flooring Inc.

CanTrust Engineered Hardwood Floors can be installed over most sub-floors, and engineered to be dimensionally stable, making them suitable for installation over all grade levels.

INSTALLER/OWNER RESPONISIBILTY

Cantrust hardwood floors are products of nature and not perfect. Our floors are manufactured in accordance with accepted industry standards, which permit grading deficiencies not to exceed 5%. These grading deficiencies may be have a manufacturing or natural type.

Before installation, the installer must determine that the job-site environment and the sub-surface involved meet or exceed all applicable standards. Recommendations of the construction and materials industries as well as local codes must be followed. These instructions recommend that the constructions and subfloors be dry, stiff and flat. The manufacturer declines any responsibility for job failure resulting from or associated with sub-surface, sub flooring or job-site environmental deficiencies.

The installer assumes all responsibility for final inspections as to grade, manufacture and factory finish. This inspection of all flooring must be done before installation. Carefully examine flooring for color, finish and quality before installing it. The installer must use reasonable selectivity and hold out or cut off pieces with deficiencies, whatever the cause. If material is not acceptable, dont install it and contact the seller immediately.

Use of stain, filler or putty stick for touch-up during installation should be accepted as normal procedure.

When floors are ordered, 5% must be added to the actual square footage needed for cutting and grading allowance.

Should an individual piece be doubtful as to grade, manufacture or factory finish, the installer should not use the piece.

HANDLING AND STORAGE

CanTrust Engineered wood flooring is a quality product made from veneer and lumber that has been kiln-dried. To maintain the moisture level, don’t truck or unload it in the rain, snow or other excessively humid conditions. Cover it with a tarpaulin or vinyl if the atmosphere is foggy or damp.

Engineered wood flooring should be stored in an enclosed building that is well ventilated with weather proof windows and located in areas where in which it is expected to perform. Material should be allowed to acclimate for 72 hours or as long as necessary to meet minimum installation requirements for moisture content. The storage area within the building should be clean and dry. Leave adequate room for good air circulation around stacks of flooring. Continual dry heat may over-dry flooring, which may later result in buckled floors when flooring is delivered to the job and installed without a proper acclimation or spacing.

TOOLS AND ACCESSORIES NEEDED

It is very important to use the proper adapters (Note: you must use a 3/8 or 1/2 adapter as appreciate) as well as staples or cleats. Improper fasteners, machines and air pressure can cause severe damage. The manufacturer of these flooring products is not responsible for damage caused by use of improper tools or misuse.

Broom

Tapping Block

Tape Measure

Chalk line &Chalk

Hammer

Hand saw

Nail Set.

Table saw, mitre saw, or circular saw

utility knife and pry bar.

Moisture meter

2 blind fasten machine.

Use towels and trowel if gluing or a Bostitch Floor Runner (S3297-LHFZ) with 1 staple (SB97) or a 50C Power Nailer for nailing with a 1-1/2 power cleat.

Undercut or Jamb Saw

Ear plugs and safety glasses.

PRE-INSTALLATION CHECK LIST

Basic Requirements

Hardwood floor installation should be the very last step of any construction or renovation project.

Prior to installation, heating system must be in operation, and room temperature must have been maintained at 65 F 5 for at least two weeks.

To avoid any moisture-related damages, subfloors must be dry and basement well ventilated.

Relative humidity must be maintained between 45% and 65% at all times.

Subfloors Moisture Level Check

Wooden subfloor moisture reading must not exceed 14% and differential between strips and subfloors must be less than 5%. To correct any subfloor problems concerning moisture either wait until the subfloor dries to meet specifications or use any appropriate moisture barrier .

SUBFLOOR PREPARATION AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ALL INSTALLATION

Concrete Sub-floors

New concrete slabs require a minimum of 60 days drying time before covering them with a wood floor.

Light-weight Concrete

Light-weight concrete that has a dry density of 100 pounds or less per cubic foot is not suitable for CanTrust

wood floors. Many products have been developed as self-leveling toppings or floor underlayments. These include cellular concrete, resin-reinforced cementious underlayments, and gypsum based materials. Although some of these products may have the necessary qualifications of underlayments for wood flooring installations, others do not.

Concrete sub-floors must be dry, smooth (level with 3/16 in a 10 foot radius 1/8 in 6 ) and free of structural defects. Hand scrape or sand with a 20 grit #3 _ open face paper to remove loose, flaky concrete. Grind high spots in concrete and fill low spots with a Portland based leveling compound (minimum 3000 PSI). Concrete must be free of paint, oil, existing adhesives, wax, grease, dirt and curing compounds. These may be removed chemically or mechanically, but do not use solvent-based strippers under any circumstances. The use of residual solvents can prohibit the satisfactory bond of flooring adhesives. It is important to ensure a proper bond between the adhesive and the concrete, and planks or strips. CanTrust Engineered Hardwood Flooring may be installed on grade, above grade, as well as below grade where moisture conditions do not exist.

To ensure a long lasting bond, make sure that the perimeter of the foundation has adequate drainage and vapor barriers.

Wood Sub-Floors

Wood sub-floors need to be well nailed or secured with screws. Nails should be ring shanks and screws need to be counter sunk. The wood subfloor needs to be structurally sound and dry. They should not exceed 13% moisture prior to installation. If the sub-floor is single layer, less than 3/4 thick, add a single cross layer for strength and stability (minimum 5/16 thick for a total 1 thickness). This is to reduce the possibility of squeaking. Wood sub-floors must be free of paint, oil, existing adhesives, wax, grease, dirt and urethane, varnish etc. Underlayment grade OSB (not the wax side) is also a suitable sub-floor.

Particleboard is not an acceptable sub-floor for staple or nail down installations but can be used as a subfloor in glue down installations. When installing over existing wood flooring, install at right angles to the existing floor.

Sub-Floors Other than Wood or Concrete

Caution: Perimeter glued resilient vinyl and rubber tiles are unacceptable underlayments and must be removed.

Terrazzo, tile and any other hard surfaces that are dry, structurally sound and level, as described above, are suitable as a sub-floor for CanTrust Engineered Hardwood flooring installation. As above, the surface must be sound, tight and free of paint, oil, existing adhesives, wax, grease and dirt. Terrazzo and ceramic tile must be abraded to assure adhesion.

WARNING! Do not sand existing resilient tile, sheet flooring, and backing or felt linings. These products may contain asbestos fibers that are not readily identifiable. Inhalation of asbestos dust can cause asbestosis or other serious bodily harm.

Radiant Heated Sub-floors

Before installing over a radiant heated floor, turn off heat and wait until the floor has reached room temperature. After installing the floor return the heat to the previous setting.

Caution: The slab surface must never exceed 85 F in temperature.

Installation requires minimum 5/8 [16 mm] plywood, or 3/4 [18 mm] approved OSB chipboard subfloor, if installed over 16 [400 mm] center-to-center joist sub-structure.

Sound: Wooden subfloor must be securely screwed down to joists to prevent any movement or squeaks. Thoroughly inspect and replace existing floor or subfloor that shows evidence of water damage or structural weakness.

Level: Subfloor surface must be level and maximum tolerance is 3/16 [5 mm] per 10′ [3 m]. If necessary, level down any irregularities, using #20 grit paper, and fill any uneven spots with leveling compound.

Dry: Subfloor must be dry and within moisture reading specs.

Clean: Vacuum and free subfloor from any debris or obstacles such as cleats, nail heads, dried glue or any other material.

Sketch installation to avoid surprises.

Decide starting point or wall.

Decide layout angle: 90 or 45 installation to joists is recommended.

Remove any baseboard, doorsill and old floor covering if necessary.

Trim bottom of the doorstop with handsaw to insert strips underneath.

Pre-select and set aside strips that color-match best transition moldings, stair nosing and reducers, for future installation.

Caution: Whether you choose to install using the dry or wet method follow all guidelines set by the adhesive manufacturer. By not adhering to the guidelines you can void your flooring warranties.

CanTrust Engineered Hardwood Floors can be installed over most sub-floors, and engineered to be dimensionally stable, making them suitable for installation over all grade levels.

INSTALLER/OWNER RESPONISIBILTY

Cantrust hardwood floors are products of nature and not perfect. Our floors are manufactured in accordance with accepted industry standards, which permit grading deficiencies not to exceed 5%. These grading deficiencies may be have a manufacturing or natural type.

Before installation, the installer must determine that the job-site environment and the sub-surface involved meet or exceed all applicable standards. Recommendations of the construction and materials industries as well as local codes must be followed. These instructions recommend that the constructions and subfloors be dry, stiff and flat. The manufacturer declines any responsibility for job failure resulting from or associated with sub-surface, sub flooring or job-site environmental deficiencies.

The installer assumes all responsibility for final inspections as to grade, manufacture and factory finish. This inspection of all flooring must be done before installation. Carefully examine flooring for color, finish and quality before installing it. The installer must use reasonable selectivity and hold out or cut off pieces with deficiencies, whatever the cause. If material is not acceptable, dont install it and contact the seller immediately.

Use of stain, filler or putty stick for touch-up during installation should be accepted as normal procedure.

When floors are ordered, 5% must be added to the actual square footage needed for cutting and grading allowance.

Should an individual piece be doubtful as to grade, manufacture or factory finish, the installer should not use the piece.

HANDLING AND STORAGE

CanTrust Engineered wood flooring is a quality product made from veneer and lumber that has been kiln-dried. To maintain the moisture level, don’t truck or unload it in the rain, snow or other excessively humid conditions. Cover it with a tarpaulin or vinyl if the atmosphere is foggy or damp.

Engineered wood flooring should be stored in an enclosed building that is well ventilated with weather proof windows and located in areas where in which it is expected to perform. Material should be allowed to acclimate for 72 hours or as long as necessary to meet minimum installation requirements for moisture content. The storage area within the building should be clean and dry. Leave adequate room for good air circulation around stacks of flooring. Continual dry heat may over-dry flooring, which may later result in buckled floors when flooring is delivered to the job and installed without a proper acclimation or spacing.

TOOLS AND ACCESSORIES NEEDED

It is very important to use the proper adapters (Note: you must use a 3/8 or 1/2 adapter as appreciate) as well as staples or cleats. Improper fasteners, machines and air pressure can cause severe damage. The manufacturer of these flooring products is not responsible for damage caused by use of improper tools or misuse.

Broom

Tapping Block

Tape Measure

Chalk line &Chalk

Hammer

Hand saw

Nail Set.

Table saw, mitre saw, or circular saw

utility knife and pry bar.

Moisture meter

2 blind fasten machine.

Use towels and trowel if gluing or a Bostitch Floor Runner (S3297-LHFZ) with 1 staple (SB97) or a 50C Power Nailer for nailing with a 1-1/2 power cleat.

Undercut or Jamb Saw

Ear plugs and safety glasses.

PRE-INSTALLATION CHECK LIST

Basic Requirements

Hardwood floor installation should be the very last step of any construction or renovation project.

Prior to installation, heating system must be in operation, and room temperature must have been maintained at 65 F 5 for at least two weeks.

To avoid any moisture-related damages, subfloors must be dry and basement well ventilated.

Relative humidity must be maintained between 45% and 65% at all times.

Subfloors Moisture Level Check

Wooden subfloor moisture reading must not exceed 14% and differential between strips and subfloors must be less than 5%. To correct any subfloor problems concerning moisture either wait until the subfloor dries to meet specifications or use any appropriate moisture barrier .

SUBFLOOR PREPARATION AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ALL INSTALLATION

Concrete Sub-floors

New concrete slabs require a minimum of 60 days drying time before covering them with a wood floor.

Light-weight Concrete

Light-weight concrete that has a dry density of 100 pounds or less per cubic foot is not suitable for CanTrust

wood floors. Many products have been developed as self-leveling toppings or floor underlayments. These include cellular concrete, resin-reinforced cementious underlayments, and gypsum based materials. Although some of these products may have the necessary qualifications of underlayments for wood flooring installations, others do not.

Concrete sub-floors must be dry, smooth (level with 3/16 in a 10 foot radius 1/8 in 6 ) and free of structural defects. Hand scrape or sand with a 20 grit #3 _ open face paper to remove loose, flaky concrete. Grind high spots in concrete and fill low spots with a Portland based leveling compound (minimum 3000 PSI). Concrete must be free of paint, oil, existing adhesives, wax, grease, dirt and curing compounds. These may be removed chemically or mechanically, but do not use solvent-based strippers under any circumstances. The use of residual solvents can prohibit the satisfactory bond of flooring adhesives. It is important to ensure a proper bond between the adhesive and the concrete, and planks or strips. CanTrust Engineered Hardwood Flooring may be installed on grade, above grade, as well as below grade where moisture conditions do not exist.

To ensure a long lasting bond, make sure that the perimeter of the foundation has adequate drainage and vapor barriers.

Wood Sub-Floors

Wood sub-floors need to be well nailed or secured with screws. Nails should be ring shanks and screws need to be counter sunk. The wood subfloor needs to be structurally sound and dry. They should not exceed 13% moisture prior to installation. If the sub-floor is single layer, less than 3/4 thick, add a single cross layer for strength and stability (minimum 5/16 thick for a total 1 thickness). This is to reduce the possibility of squeaking. Wood sub-floors must be free of paint, oil, existing adhesives, wax, grease, dirt and urethane, varnish etc. Underlayment grade OSB (not the wax side) is also a suitable sub-floor.

Particleboard is not an acceptable sub-floor for staple or nail down installations but can be used as a subfloor in glue down installations. When installing over existing wood flooring, install at right angles to the existing floor.

Sub-Floors Other than Wood or Concrete

Caution: Perimeter glued resilient vinyl and rubber tiles are unacceptable underlayments and must be removed.

Terrazzo, tile and any other hard surfaces that are dry, structurally sound and level, as described above, are suitable as a sub-floor for CanTrust Engineered Hardwood flooring installation. As above, the surface must be sound, tight and free of paint, oil, existing adhesives, wax, grease and dirt. Terrazzo and ceramic tile must be abraded to assure adhesion.

WARNING! Do not sand existing resilient tile, sheet flooring, and backing or felt linings. These products may contain asbestos fibers that are not readily identifiable. Inhalation of asbestos dust can cause asbestosis or other serious bodily harm.

Radiant Heated Sub-floors

Before installing over a radiant heated floor, turn off heat and wait until the floor has reached room temperature. After installing the floor return the heat to the previous setting.

Caution: The slab surface must never exceed 85 F in temperature.

Installation requires minimum 5/8 [16 mm] plywood, or 3/4 [18 mm] approved OSB chipboard subfloor, if installed over 16 [400 mm] center-to-center joist sub-structure.

Sound: Wooden subfloor must be securely screwed down to joists to prevent any movement or squeaks. Thoroughly inspect and replace existing floor or subfloor that shows evidence of water damage or structural weakness.

Level: Subfloor surface must be level and maximum tolerance is 3/16 [5 mm] per 10′ [3 m]. If necessary, level down any irregularities, using #20 grit paper, and fill any uneven spots with leveling compound.

Dry: Subfloor must be dry and within moisture reading specs.

Clean: Vacuum and free subfloor from any debris or obstacles such as cleats, nail heads, dried glue or any other material.

Sketch installation to avoid surprises.

Decide starting point or wall.

Decide layout angle: 90 or 45 installation to joists is recommended.

Remove any baseboard, doorsill and old floor covering if necessary.

Trim bottom of the doorstop with handsaw to insert strips underneath.

Pre-select and set aside strips that color-match best transition moldings, stair nosing and reducers, for future installation.

Caution: Whether you choose to install using the dry or wet method follow all guidelines set by the adhesive manufacturer. By not adhering to the guidelines you can void your flooring warranties.


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